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Memcached LRU策略(下篇)

猪小花1号2018-09-11 09:04

作者:吕宗胜


除了LRU管理线程,我们还需要看看Memcached的LRU爬虫机制的实现:

/*** ITEM CRAWLER THREAD ***/

/*把爬虫的Item的加到了最末尾*/
static void crawler_link_q(item *it) { /* item is the new tail */
    item **head, **tail;
    assert(it->it_flags == 1);
    assert(it->nbytes == 0);

    head = &heads[it->slabs_clsid];
    tail = &tails[it->slabs_clsid];
    assert(*tail != 0);
    assert(it != *tail);
    assert((*head && *tail) || (*head == 0 && *tail == 0));
    it->prev = *tail;
    it->next = 0;
    if (it->prev) {
        assert(it->prev->next == 0);
        it->prev->next = it;
    }
    *tail = it;
    if (*head == 0) *head = it;
    return;
}

/*把爬虫的Item去掉*/
static void crawler_unlink_q(item *it) {
    item **head, **tail;
    head = &heads[it->slabs_clsid];
    tail = &tails[it->slabs_clsid];

    if (*head == it) {
        assert(it->prev == 0);
        *head = it->next;
    }
    if (*tail == it) {
        assert(it->next == 0);
        *tail = it->prev;
    }
    assert(it->next != it);
    assert(it->prev != it);

    if (it->next) it->next->prev = it->prev;
    if (it->prev) it->prev->next = it->next;
    return;
}

static void *item_crawler_thread(void *arg) {
    int i;
    int crawls_persleep = settings.crawls_persleep;

    pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_crawler_lock);
    if (settings.verbose > 2)
        fprintf(stderr, "Starting LRU crawler background thread\n");
    while (do_run_lru_crawler_thread) {
    pthread_cond_wait(&lru_crawler_cond, &lru_crawler_lock);

    while (crawler_count) {
        item *search = NULL;
        void *hold_lock = NULL;

        for (i = POWER_SMALLEST; i < LARGEST_ID; i++) {
            if (crawlers[i].it_flags != 1) {
                continue;
            }
            pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_locks[i]);
            search = crawler_crawl_q((item *)&crawlers[i]);
              /* 满足该条件意味着爬虫已经爬到链表头或者没有剩余数*/
            if (search == NULL ||
                (crawlers[i].remaining && --crawlers[i].remaining < 1)) {
                if (settings.verbose > 2)
                    fprintf(stderr, "Nothing left to crawl for %d\n", i);
                crawlers[i].it_flags = 0;
                crawler_count--;
                /* 移除爬虫Item */
                crawler_unlink_q((item *)&crawlers[i]);
                pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[i]);
                pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_crawler_stats_lock);
                crawlerstats[CLEAR_LRU(i)].end_time = current_time;
                crawlerstats[CLEAR_LRU(i)].run_complete = true;
                pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_stats_lock);
                continue;
            }
            uint32_t hv = hash(ITEM_key(search), search->nkey);
            /* Attempt to hash item lock the "search" item. If locked, no
             * other callers can incr the refcount
             */
            if ((hold_lock = item_trylock(hv)) == NULL) {
                pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[i]);
                continue;
            }
            /* Now see if the item is refcount locked */
            if (refcount_incr(&search->refcount) != 2) {
                refcount_decr(&search->refcount);
                if (hold_lock)
                    item_trylock_unlock(hold_lock);
                pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[i]);
                continue;
            }

            /* Frees the item or decrements the refcount. */
            /* Interface for this could improve: do the free/decr here
             * instead? */
            pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_crawler_stats_lock);
            item_crawler_evaluate(search, hv, i);
            pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_stats_lock);

            if (hold_lock)
                item_trylock_unlock(hold_lock);
            pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[i]);

            if (crawls_persleep <= 0 && settings.lru_crawler_sleep) {
                usleep(settings.lru_crawler_sleep);
                crawls_persleep = settings.crawls_persleep;
            }
        }
    }
    if (settings.verbose > 2)
        fprintf(stderr, "LRU crawler thread sleeping\n");
    STATS_LOCK();
    stats.lru_crawler_running = false;
    STATS_UNLOCK();
    }
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
    if (settings.verbose > 2)
        fprintf(stderr, "LRU crawler thread stopping\n");

    return NULL;
}

static pthread_t item_crawler_tid;

int stop_item_crawler_thread(void) {
    int ret;
    pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_crawler_lock);
    do_run_lru_crawler_thread = 0;
    pthread_cond_signal(&lru_crawler_cond);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
    if ((ret = pthread_join(item_crawler_tid, NULL)) != 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to stop LRU crawler thread: %s\n", strerror(ret));
        return -1;
    }
    settings.lru_crawler = false;
    return 0;
}

int start_item_crawler_thread(void) {
    int ret;

    if (settings.lru_crawler)
        return -1;
    pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_crawler_lock);
    do_run_lru_crawler_thread = 1;
    settings.lru_crawler = true;
    if ((ret = pthread_create(&item_crawler_tid, NULL,
        item_crawler_thread, NULL)) != 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Can't create LRU crawler thread: %s\n",
            strerror(ret));
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
        return -1;
    }
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);

    return 0;
}

/* 'remaining' is passed in so the LRU maintainer thread can scrub the whole
 * LRU every time.
 */
static int do_lru_crawler_start(uint32_t id, uint32_t remaining) {
    int i;
    uint32_t sid;
    uint32_t tocrawl[3];
    int starts = 0;
    tocrawl[0] = id | HOT_LRU;
    tocrawl[1] = id | WARM_LRU;
    tocrawl[2] = id | COLD_LRU;

    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
        sid = tocrawl[i];
        pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_locks[sid]);
        if (tails[sid] != NULL) {
            if (settings.verbose > 2)
                fprintf(stderr, "Kicking LRU crawler off for LRU %d\n", sid);
            crawlers[sid].nbytes = 0;
            crawlers[sid].nkey = 0;
            crawlers[sid].it_flags = 1; /* For a crawler, this means enabled. */
            crawlers[sid].next = 0;
            crawlers[sid].prev = 0;
            crawlers[sid].time = 0;
            crawlers[sid].remaining = remaining;
            crawlers[sid].slabs_clsid = sid;
            crawler_link_q((item *)&crawlers[sid]);
            crawler_count++;
            starts++;
        }
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_locks[sid]);
    }
    if (starts) {
        STATS_LOCK();
        stats.lru_crawler_running = true;
        stats.lru_crawler_starts++;
        STATS_UNLOCK();
        pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_crawler_stats_lock);
        memset(&crawlerstats[id], 0, sizeof(crawlerstats_t));
        crawlerstats[id].start_time = current_time;
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_stats_lock);
    }
    return starts;
}

static int lru_crawler_start(uint32_t id, uint32_t remaining) {
    int starts;
    if (pthread_mutex_trylock(&lru_crawler_lock) != 0) {
        return 0;
    }
    starts = do_lru_crawler_start(id, remaining);
    if (starts) {
        pthread_cond_signal(&lru_crawler_cond);
    }
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
    return starts;
}

/* FIXME: Split this into two functions: one to kick a crawler for a sid, and one to
 * parse the string. LRU maintainer code is generating a string to set up a
 * sid.
 * Also only clear the crawlerstats once per sid.
 */
enum crawler_result_type lru_crawler_crawl(char *slabs) {
    char *b = NULL;
    uint32_t sid = 0;
    int starts = 0;
    uint8_t tocrawl[MAX_NUMBER_OF_SLAB_CLASSES];
    if (pthread_mutex_trylock(&lru_crawler_lock) != 0) {
        return CRAWLER_RUNNING;
    }

    /* FIXME: I added this while debugging. Don't think it's needed? */
    memset(tocrawl, 0, sizeof(uint8_t) * MAX_NUMBER_OF_SLAB_CLASSES);
    if (strcmp(slabs, "all") == 0) {
        for (sid = 0; sid < MAX_NUMBER_OF_SLAB_CLASSES; sid++) {
            tocrawl[sid] = 1;
        }
    } else {
        for (char *p = strtok_r(slabs, ",", &b);
             p != NULL;
             p = strtok_r(NULL, ",", &b)) {

            if (!safe_strtoul(p, &sid) || sid < POWER_SMALLEST
                    || sid >= MAX_NUMBER_OF_SLAB_CLASSES-1) {
                pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
                return CRAWLER_BADCLASS;
            }
            tocrawl[sid] = 1;
        }
    }

    for (sid = POWER_SMALLEST; sid < MAX_NUMBER_OF_SLAB_CLASSES; sid++) {
        if (tocrawl[sid])
            starts += do_lru_crawler_start(sid, settings.lru_crawler_tocrawl);
    }
    if (starts) {
        pthread_cond_signal(&lru_crawler_cond);
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
        return CRAWLER_OK;
    } else {
        pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
        return CRAWLER_NOTSTARTED;
    }
}

/* If we hold this lock, crawler can't wake up or move */
void lru_crawler_pause(void) {
    pthread_mutex_lock(&lru_crawler_lock);
}

void lru_crawler_resume(void) {
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&lru_crawler_lock);
}

int init_lru_crawler(void) {
    if (lru_crawler_initialized == 0) {
        memset(&crawlerstats, 0, sizeof(crawlerstats_t) * MAX_NUMBER_OF_SLAB_CLASSES);
        if (pthread_cond_init(&lru_crawler_cond, NULL) != 0) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Can't initialize lru crawler condition\n");
            return -1;
        }
        pthread_mutex_init(&lru_crawler_lock, NULL);
        lru_crawler_initialized = 1;
    }
    return 0;
}


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